All about Chest X-ray Pneumonia

Posted by on May 11, 2019 in Breathing Facts, Health, Medical, Respiratory problems | 0 comments

All about Chest X-ray Pneumonia

As deadly as a disease that kills approximately 4 million every year can be, a chest x-rays can be all that is required to start the fight against pneumonia. Doctors faced with a patient with possible disease are unlikely to be able to make an accurate diagnosis without ordering a chest xray pneumonia.

What is pneumonia?
Pneumonia is caused by the inflammation of one or both lungs via bacterial, fungal or viral infection. The infection usually airborne, acquired when someone breathes in the disease pathogens.

 

Common symptoms include  chest x-ray pneumonia

  • Productive coughing (with phlegm or blood)
  • Fever with shaking chills
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Chest pains

Existing health factors also pose their own set of problems. Diseases like the flu and emphysema increase one’s chances of contracting pneumonia. Other risk factors such as exposure to and inhalation of various chemicals, immunodeficiency, asthma smoking, and excessive drinking also contribute significantly to the risk of contracting pneumonia.

Hospital-acquired pneumonia is one of the most common forms of pneumonia, developed 48 hours or more after a patient is admitted to a hospital. It’s most likely caused by hospital-acquired infections, with a higher risk of drug-resistant pathogens.

How does a chest x-ray factor into all of this?
A chest x-ray uses minimal doses of ionizing radiation to obtain pictures of the inside of a patient’s chest. An x-ray examination of the chest allows the doctor to examine the lungs, heart and blood vessels to find indicators of pneumonia. On a chest x-ray, abnormalities present as areas of increased density or as areas of decreased density.

The x-ray can also detect any complications that might have developed because of the pneumonia infection. Common side-effects include fluid surrounding the lungs (pleural effusions) and abscesses. Because the x-ray is quick, easy to use and requires little to no special preparation, it is very helpful, especially in emergencies.The x-ray can determine if a patient has pneumonia, but it cannot specifically identify what causes the pneumonia is afflicting the patient.

Prevention and Treatment
Preventing pneumonia involves vaccinations (against bacterial and viral pneumonia) for both children and adults, managing environmental causes (like smoking, air pollution and the like) and the treatment of underlying medical causes.
Antibiotics, rest, fluids, and analgesics feature prominently in treating pneumonia, but other image-guided treatments such as a thoracentesis or chest tube placement may be used for pneumonia treatments.

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Deviated Septum Treatment for Rhinoplasty

Posted by on May 6, 2019 in Health, Medical, Respiratory problems | 0 comments

Deviated Septum Treatment for Rhinoplasty

Many of us, knowingly or unknowingly, face difficulty in breathing or experience congestion on one side of the nose. The reason might be the deviation in bone and cartilage, which divides the nasal cavity into two halves. This condition is known as Deviated Nasal Septum and it is often the result of a trauma or it might be a birth defect.

Symptoms of a Deviated Nasal Septum

Like any other body defect, deviation in nasal septum also has some symptoms to show. The list includes

deviated septum treatment -rhinoplasty snoring symptoms

  • Nasal congestion
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Snoring
  • Head aches
  • Nose bleeds
  • Post nasal drip
  • Facial pain
  • In some cases, sleep apnea too.

A deviated nasal septum might not show any symptoms in the early years of a child or immediately after an injury to the nose. It often develops into a serious problem in the long run.

Cure for the condition

All the cases with a deviated septum may not need a surgery. Many a times, the problem gets evaded with proper medication and remedies. Where as a surgical procedure, known as Rhinoplasty for Deviated Septum, will be the only solution in some other cases. Instead to improve the shape of your nose, a nose job in Melbourne might help to treat this kind of condition.

‘Rhinoplasty for Deviated Septum’ or often called as ‘nose job’ is a surgical procedure in which the alignment of bone and cartilage which divides the nasal cavity into two halves is corrected and the bony obstacles for the free flow of air are removed.

Nose job is an outpatient procedure and it takes one to two hours of time, based on complexity. You are given either local or general anesthesia before the surgery. In most cases, base of the nose is not disturbed and adjustment is done by cutting across the nostrils only. It is then covered and required post operation medication will be suggested by the surgeon.

Very rarely, the procedure of Rhinoplasty is also done to improve the appearance of the nose.

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Charcot Marie Tooth Disease and Breathing Problems

Posted by on Apr 27, 2019 in Health | 0 comments

Charcot Marie Tooth Disease and Breathing Problems

Charcot-Marie-Tooth, usually known as CMT, is one of the most inherited neurological disorder. It affects the peripheral nervous system. The symptoms that are observed include loss of muscle and sensation in various parts of the body. It is a long term progressive disorder that may also make,  speaking or swallowing difficult. You can visit barklystreetdental.com.au to get information on how to manage it.

Charcot Marie Tooth Disease and breathing problems

Charcot marie tooth disease and breathing problems come together as the diaphragm is innervated by the nephric nerve. Proper breathing requires coordination of several muscles like the diaphragm, bulbar muscles, inter-coastal muscles, and abdominal muscles. When these muscles are damaged in CMT, the ability of breathing is compromised. When the nephric nerve stops functioning properly, symptoms like weakness, postural discomfort, sleep apnea, etc are observed.

Signs of breathing problems include weak cough and hypercapnia

Hypercapnia is a condition in which your body retent carbon dioxide. This is usually observed during the night. when you lie flat. The abdomen compresses the diaphragm and full expansion of the chest is not achieved for breathing. This results in incomplete exhalation of carbon dioxide. This causes fatigue, restlessness, concentration issues and headaches. In intense conditions of carbon dioxide buildup, you may even black out and lose consciousness. charcot marie tooth disease and breathing problems

A BiPAP machine can be used at night for natural breathing and helps in taking deep breaths while sleeping. This helps in exhaling the excess carbon dioxide. Ventilator support is needed when the condition worsens.

Weak cough is caused by weak respiratory muscles. When the patient doesn’t have an effective cough, this causes the mucus to build up in the lungs. This causes bacteria to be trapped in the lungs and prevents the flow of oxygen into the lungs. This can be overcome by assisted coughing by someone else or a machine called Cough Assist.

Even though charcot marie tooth disease and breathing problem is rarely fatal, it can prove to be life-threatening. Timely treatment can prevent it from getting worse and regain your health.

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What is chest physiotherapy?

Posted by on Apr 6, 2019 in Health | 0 comments

What is chest physiotherapy?

Generally, physiotherapy is known to help improve posture and restore movement and function when someone is affected by injury. If you’re looking to improve your body posture you can visit blakehurstchiro.com.au to read about correct body posture. However, not everyone knows that physiotherapy is more than an aid to improving posture but it also helps restore function when someone is affected by illness or disability.

Take chest physiotherapy for example. It is also referred to as respiratory physiotherapy or cardio-thoracic physiotherapy. Different people have different understanding of what chest physiotherapy is but what is chest physiotherapy in real sense?

Chest physiotherapy is a medication performed on patients who have respiratory problems. It’s main aim is to improve the breathing of a patient by removing mucus blocking the air passage. It’s a way of clearing or draining the lungs.

There are different techniques through which chest physiotherapy can be done. The techniques include:

(i) Clapping. This involves the therapist lightly clapping the patient upper back or his/her chest.This causes the patient to cough forcing out the mucus from the lungs. It’s done with the therapist hand cupped to form a dome shape on the palm.

(ii) Vibration. In this ,the therapist will firmly place his hand on the patient chest surface.He then tense the hand and shoulder muscle causing some vibration. Unlike for clapping,in vibration the palm will be flat and not cupped

How To Carry Out Chest Physiotherapy

The patient will lie down in such a way that the chest is slightly raised than the rest of the body. A pillow can be used to raise the chest. The therapist then will clap the upper back of the patient or the chest surface for approximately 30 seconds. This will cause the patient to cough thus forcing out mucus from the lungs. While the therapist is clapping the chest,they have their hand cupped as if it’s holding something but while the palm is facing down. The therapist must ensure he/she doesn’t clap over:spine,ribs,stomach or breastbone. This treatment consumes approximately half an hour.

Safety measures during Chest Physiotherapy:

(i) It should be carried out before meals or at least two hours after

taking a meal.

(ii)The patient for whom the physiotherapy is being performed

on,should remove any tight clothes and jewellery such that the

therapy will be performed on bare skin.

(iii)The therapist should maintain an upright position during the

activity.

(iv)The patient should be laid on a comfortable surface and one which is slightly raised to ensure that the therapist will not lean forward towards the patient.

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Diseases that affect the lower respiratory

Posted by on Mar 18, 2019 in Health | 0 comments

Diseases that affect the lower respiratory

Lower respiratory disease is one of the greatest cause of death across the world that is recorded today. The infection basically targets the bronchitis and lungs which are the part of the main respiratory systems that supports the breathing process.  On this site, we will go through the common infections that are related to the lower respiratory disease. Some of the symptoms related to such diseases include:

  1.  Fatigue
  2. Coughing
  3. Weakness
  4. Fever
  5. Difficulty in breathing
  6. Pain in the chest

The common infections that are related to the lower respiratory disease include, asthma, emphysema and bronchitis. They are characterized by difficulty in breathing as they contribute in one way or the other by obstructing the airways to limit the normal air exchange process.

Cases of the diseases lower respiratory disease

Most of the diseases that are related to lower respiratory can be as a result of tobacco smoking or any other form of smoking. Air pollution through dust and chemicals from different sources can also affect the respiratory system hence classified as one of the major contributors. The condition can be inherited based on the strong genetics which may definitely spread to different generations.

Steps to handle the diseases

Some of the respiratory diseases can only be managed but difficult to permanently eliminate them once they are in the body. You should by all means avoid the above mentioned causes to keep your body healthy from any of the respiratory diseases. The diseases can affect both the active and passive smokers in the same way hence make sure you keep your environment free from any tobacco smoke. When you find yourself in an environment with a lot of chemicals and gas, use the safety and precautions provided to limit the effects of the gas and chemicals.

When you are diagnosed with any of the respiratory diseases, it’s never the end of life since you can still manage them and live a healthy life. You shouldn’t wait until the infection get to the extreme in order to see a doctor but make it a frequent habit to visit your doctor for respiratory infection related checks.

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Emphysema Stages

Posted by on Mar 9, 2019 in Health | 0 comments

Emphysema Stages

Emphysema is a serious lung condition commonly caused by smoking. With emphysema, your air sacs, commonly known as alveoli weakens and they are unable to contract after expansion. Also, air is trapped in alveoli, and this causes some to break. The condition makes breathing difficult and severely reduce the amount of oxygen absorbed in your blood stream. Nevertheless, there’s a better chance of survival if one gets to contact a specialist before it reaches the worst stage.

Emphysema occurs slowly and in stages. 80% of victims happens due to many years of smoking tobacco. It may also develop due to air pollution, marijuana smoking, chemical fumes or secondhand smoking. Once the condition occurs, it can’t be reversed.

Symptoms of emphysema

Most victims don’t feel the symptoms until there is 50% or more damage to lung tissues. The symptoms usually appear gradually. They include.emphysema stages

Coughing

Chest tightness

Wheezing

Shortness of breath

More mucus production

Other symptoms include weight loss and poor appetite.

4 Emphysema stages

There are four stages of emphysema. The doctor determines the stages depending on your symptoms and breathing tests results. They include

At-risk
Your breathing test is okay. However, you have some mild symptoms like increased mucus production and ongoing coughing.

Early or mild stage
Your breathing test shows that there is a tender airflow blockage. You also have symptoms such as non-stop coughs and more mucus production. At these stages, you can’t feel the effects of air flow reduction.

Moderate
Moderate is the stage where most people now realize they have a serious lung condition. Here, you feel a decline or reduction of airflow. Main symptoms include shortness of breath, especially after physical activity.

Very severe
This is the final stage of emphysema. Breathing test shows that there is severely limited air flow.

The severity of emphysema depends on how early it’s treated. The earlier you get treated, the better the outcomes. If left untreated, the condition may lead to serious complications such as holes in the lungs, collapsed lungs and heart problem. Although the condition is irreversible, treatment is better to slow progression and quality of your life.

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