Acute Respiratory Infections In Children

Posted by on Sep 17, 2018 in Breathing Facts | 0 comments

Acute Respiratory Infections In Children

Although deaths from acute respiratory infections have become rare due to the availability of potent antimicrobials and effective supportive care, many children suffer from a serious illness requiring hospitalization. Air enters the body through the nose where filtration and humidification take place in the lungs through the trachea. The trachea divides into two branches, each entering a lung in the cavity of the chest. The bronchi continue dividing and subdividing until they are in small structures similar to bags called alveoli where the absorption of the gaseous oxygen exchange and the elimination of the carbon dioxide takes place.

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Infections of the respiratory tract cause swelling of the wall of the airway. Because the airways are narrow in children, even a slight swelling can cause a severe narrowing of the airways and difficulty in breathing. Respiratory tract infections are classified as upper and lower acute respiratory infections. Upper respiratory infections are more common but less severe and include infections of the nose, throat, and ears. The usual manifestations are coughs, colds, and fever. Sometimes, the nasal blockage can be very troublesome.

respiratory infectionViral infections are more common than bacterial infections. Antibiotics are not necessary if there is no evidence of bacterial infection. The fever can be controlled with paracetamol, which can be administered every six hours if necessary. Antitussives (cough medicines) can be given if a cough is dry in older children. Nasal decongestants can be administered for watery nasal discharges. Medicated steam inhalation is very useful if there is a nasal block. Capsules containing liquid medications are available. You can pierce a capsule and you can squeeze the medicine on the pillow or dress of small children. The vapor of the drug will have a calming effect. The middle ear infection is very painful and babies continue to cry continuously while older children complain of an earache. If left untreated, the tympanic membrane may rupture due to an increase in pressure that results in a discharge of pus from the ear.

Lower respiratory tract infections involve the epiglottis (a lid like a structure that prevents food from entering the trachea), the trachea (trachea), its divisions and alveoli. They are more dangerous and even dangerous for life. Epiglottitis (epiglottis infection) is a serious and life-threatening condition

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Trouble Breathing After Surgery

Posted by on Aug 2, 2018 in Breathing Facts | 0 comments

Trouble Breathing After Surgery

The risks of bariatric surgery are high and recent studies show that about 40 percent of patients who undergo bariatric surgery experience some sort of problem. The trouble breathing after surgery range from mild to severe. Before you choose this type of procedure, make sure you know the major risks of bariatric surgery.

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Dumping – Dumping is a very common risk occurring in about 20 percent of patients. Dumping often occurs when a patient eats certain foods that cause vomiting, bloating and diarrhea. Types of food that cause dumping are sugar, alcohol and high fiber foods.

Leaking at the surgical site – This complication occurs in about 12 percent of all patients and can be a very serious complication if not found early. Most surgeons will do a test for leaks after surgery before allowing the patient to begin eating. If leaking goes undetected it can cause massive abdominal infection. If leaking at the surgical site happens, another surgery is necessary to correct it.

A hernia at the surgical site – Although not as common and occurring in only about 7 percent of all patients, this risk necessitates additional surgery to correct. A hernia is a weakness or tears in a muscle that allows the underlying tissue to protrude. Because the muscle has been cut during surgery the likelihood of this happening is greater. Hernias can become serious if left untreated. The muscle can cut off the blood flow of the tissue that is protruding through it. This can be especially serious if the tissue protruding through the muscle is an intestine.

Infections – Infections take place in about 6 percent of patients undergoing bariatric surgery. Infections can occur for multiple reasons. Improper wound care and leaking are common reasons. Certain bacteria such as staff are found in greater numbers in hospitals. Make sure anyone who touches your surgical site washes their hands or wears gloves to prevent bacteria from being introduced into the trouble breathing after surgerywound.

Pneumonia – About 4 percent of patients develop pneumonia postoperatively. General anesthesia compromises the lungs. Patients are instructed to breathe deeply in order to prevent pneumonia. Vomiting due to dumping or anesthesia can cause bariatric surgery patients to inhale stomach contents. Since the lungs are a sterile environment any foreign matter that gets inside causes the body to react. This reaction is what causes pneumonia.

Mortality – Less than 1 percent of patients who have bariatric surgery actually die. The mortality rate for bariatric surgery has continued to drop as techniques have improved. Surgeons are learning what works best both pre and postoperatively to decrease the rate of death. The chance of dying from bariatric surgery is now less than the chance of dying from obesity.

Be sure to know the facts about this type of surgery and to discuss any possible complications with your surgeon before undergoing this procedure. Understanding the major risk factors of bariatric surgery will help you to make a well-informed choice as you further discuss your options with your doctor.

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