Posted by on Nov 6, 2018 in Featured | 0 comments

Risk Factors For Respiratory Failure

The condition in which the lungs can not perform the gas exchange function correctly during rest and exercise is called respiratory failure. Respiratory failure is divided into type I and type II. It can be acute or chronic.

Respiratory failure is a common cause of death. You should consult your doctors or go visit the blog of HomeDoctorsSydney medical team if you notice an early sign of respiratory failure. If it’s not treated at an early stage, major illnesses and problems can occur.

Risk factors for respiratory failure

– Alterations in the mechanics of the chest wall: severe kyphoscoliosis, obesity, flail injury with multiple rib fractures, paralysis of the thoracic muscle and diaphragm, immobility of the chest wall, as in progressive systemic sclerosis

– Pleural disorders: large pleural fluid, pneumothorax and dissemination, significant thickening of the pleura

– Respiratory diseases: severe asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema, laryngeal edema, mechanical obstruction of the respiratory tract

– Pulmonary diseases: interstitial pulmonary fibrosis, neonatal syndrome and respiratory distress syndrome in adults, allergic alveolitis, extensive malignant tumor, bilateral lung inflammation

– Pulmonary vascular disease: primary pulmonary hypertension, polyarteritis nodosa, repetitive pulmonary embolism

– Metabolic alkalosis

– Depression of the respiratory center: intracranial tension, narcotic intoxication.

– One of the problems encountered in patients with respiratory failure while maintaining assisted breathing is the premature closure of the airways during expiration, which causes reddening of the air. This is avoided by maintaining a positive final pressure. In addition, it helps to reopen the bronchi and alveoli that remain closed. The breathing of the tides has improved. The positive expiratory pressure of the extremities also helps in the reduction of functional pulmonary valves.

– The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenators is investigated to control severe hypoxemic respiratory failure when conventional methods fail. When the patient improves, they find soft exercises. Breathing exercises should increase tidal volume and aid in expectoration.

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